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His Prisoners fare in tumbrils, or open carts, himself and Guar... ...s riding and marching around: and at the last village, the worthy Mayor of Versailles comes to meet him, anxious that the arrival and locking up were ... ...r. It is Sunday, the ninth day of the month. The Women's March on Versailles was an important event at the start of the French Revolution. [15] Their numbers continued to grow and with restless energy the group began to march. [2] As more and more women – and men – arrived, the crowd outside the city hall reached between six and seven thousand,[16] and perhaps as many as ten thousand. Hungry, fatigued, and bedraggled from the rain, they seemed to confirm that the siege was a simple demand for food. The Women's March on Versailles in October 1789 is often credited with forcing the royal court and family to move from the traditional seat of government in Versailles to Paris, a major and early turning point in the French Revolution. Some years later he attempted to flee Paris but was again dragged back by a … Three days later the so-called “women’s march” on Versailles would force Louis XVI to relocate to Paris and spell the end of the palace as a royal residence. But it was the crudely decisive invasion of the palace itself that was most momentous; the attack removed for… Rumors of a plot aiming to destroy wheat crops in order to starve the population provoked the Great Fear in the summer of 1789. When a sentry spotted the women and fired on them, killing one, the mob overpowered, murdered and dismembered two soldiers. google_ad_height = 600; As the crowd cheered, Lafayette stoked their joy by dramatically pinning a tricolor cockade to the hat of the king's nearest bodyguard. It is... ...ings of Civilization Pgs 704-1469 B: The Effect of Civilization on Humans Pgs 1470-1868 Chapter 7: Entities an... ...7 Incrementalism Chapter Six ‘B’: Civilization The Effect of Civilization on Humans Pg 706 Incrementalism Cont’d Pg 709 Cities Pg 711 The ... ... been created by the re-drawing of arbitrary boundaries such as the treaty of Versailles after the 1 st World War? The shortages of bread in early October were unexpected and gave rise to conspiracy theories. The Hôtel de Ville had already opened its plentiful stores to the rioters, but they remained unsatisfied: they wanted not just one meal but the assurance that bread would once again be plentiful and cheap. URL: https://alphahistory.com/frenchrevolution/october-march-on-versailles/ When these promises failed to calm the agitated mob, Louis ordered the food stores at Versailles be opened and distributed to the protestors. Versailles’ massive grounds were filled with statues, ornaments, grottoes and fountains. [2] Driven by a variety of agitators, the mob converged on the Hôtel de Ville where they demanded not only bread, but arms. Some even penetrated the palace and threatened Marie Antoinette. Find all the books, read about the author, and more. Three eyewitness accounts of the October Days (1789) An illustration of the Women's March on Versailles, 5 October 1789, The revolutionary decrees passed by the Assembly in August 1789 culminated in, The women hailed by onlookers on their way to Versailles (illustration c. 1842), Lawsuit about the happenings of 6 October at Versailles; Châtelet Paris 1790, Significant civil and political events by year, Philip Mansel, page 129 "Pillars of Monarchy", ISBN 0-7043-2424-5, Richard Cobb, page 88 "The French Revolution - Voices From a Momentous Epoch", CN 8039, The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany, Charles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Frederick Louis, Prince of Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen, Alexandre-Théodore-Victor, comte de Lameth, Louis Michel le Peletier de Saint-Fargeau, List of people associated with the French Revolution, The French Revolution a History Volume Three, Memoirs of Louis XIV and His Court and of the Regency, The Duchesse de Langeais, With an Episode under the Terror, The Illustrious Gaudissart, A Passion in the Desert, And the Hidden Masterpiece. Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002. [49] The procession could seem merry at times, as guardsmen hoisted up loaves of bread stuck on the tips of their bayonets, and some of the market women rode gleefully astride the captured cannon. Bread was very difficult to get and very expensive. After getting food, the crowd would march towards Versailles in the rain. In the words of one of the officers: "Everyone was overwhelmed with sleep and lethargy, we thought it was all over. Located 12 miles from Paris, Versailles was a sprawling complex of palaces and buildings that housed the king and the royal government since the days of Louis XIV. Bread was very difficult to get and very expensive. On the afternoon of October 6th the king, his family, his royal retinue and several deputies to the Assembly departed Versailles for Paris. This action was simple and justified, for to be hungry is a terrible state. This idea was perpetuated by the radical militia leader Claude Fournier L’Héritier, who claimed: “the detestable aristocratic and royalist horde had plotted to submit the nation to slavery by starvation”. As he spoke, the restless Parisians came pouring into the Assembly and sank exhausted on the deputies' benches. It is impossible not to like this careless indifference and freedom from suspicion. For more info, visit our FAQ page or Terms of Use. [43] In a close brush with death, they barely escaped through the doorway in time. [24] But it was the crudely decisive invasion of the palace itself that was most momentous; the attack removed forever the aura of invincibility that once cloaked the monarchy. [21] The Marquis de Lafayette, in Paris as their commander-in-chief, discovered to his dismay that his soldiers were largely in favor of the march and were being egged on by agitators to join in. In short order, the entire body settled in only a few steps from the Tuileries at a former riding school, the Salle du Manège. [14], On the morning of 5 October, a young woman struck a marching drum at the edge of a group of market-women who were infuriated by the chronic shortage and high price of bread. Making their way inside, they searched for the queen's bedchamber. On October 1st 1789, soldiers of the Royal Flanders Regiment arrived at Versailles from Douai after being summoned to strengthen the king’s royal bodyguard. The price of bread (the staple food for most Parisians) was through the roof. Many of the Assembly’s deputies, including Honore Mirabeau and Maximilien Robespierre, mingled freely with the people and listened to their grievances. Versailles was maintained, an acknowledgement that the king might someday return, however, neither Louis or his family would see the splendour of Versailles again. From their starting point in the markets of the eastern section of Paris then known as the Faubourg Saint-Antoine, the angry women forced a nearby church to toll its bells. [57], Even while the women were marching, suspicious eyes looked upon Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans, already behind the July uprisings, as being somehow responsible for the event. [13], The lavish banquet was certain to be an affront to those suffering in a time of severe austerity, but it was reported in the cockade; drunken officers were said to have stamped upon this symbol of the nation and professed their allegiance solely to the white cockade of the House of Bourbon. Most of the crowd, however, remained unpacified. One radical section of the crowd, comprised mainly of women from Faubourg Saint-Antoine, had been demanding stronger action since their arrival at Versailles. [4] Now their attention was turned to the creation of a permanent constitution. google_ad_width = 160; Yet, as the queen stood with her hands crossed over her chest, the crowd – some of whom had muskets leveled in her direction – warmed to her courage. [15] Others suggest he coordinated in some way with Mirabeau, the Assembly's most powerful statesman at the time, to use the marchers to advance the constitutionalist agenda. [18], At about one o'clock in the afternoon of 6 October 1789, the vast throng escorted the royal family and a complement of one hundred deputies back to the capital, this time with the armed National Guards leading the way. A bourgeois man describes the mistreatment of his son during the October Days (1789). Others wanted the plead with the king to leave Versailles and return to Paris, where he would be away from what they perceived as the corrupting influences of the aristocracy. After stopping ten days at Gevries, the two armies sepa- rated and marched. When the crowd arrived at Versailles, some of them invaded the hall of the National Constituent Assembly, though only to escape the heavy rain falling outside. Many of Versailles’ artworks reinforced Louis’ royal absolutism, by extolling the strengths and virtues of kings. [2] Mere rumors of food shortage led to the Réveillon riots in April 1789. By this time, the Marquis de Lafayette and a regiment of National Guard had arrived from Paris, however, the king preferred not to deploy the Guardsmen or his own soldiers, perhaps fearing a bloodbath. [53] The October journées thus effectively deprived the monarchist faction of significant representation in the Assembly[54] as most of these deputies retreated from the political scene; many, like Mounier, fled the country altogether. Once the women reached the entrance to Versailles, they were chanting the word bread over and over again to the beat of a drum. The government of Jacques Necker, anticipating a shortage of food, had negotiated imports of grain – but these had not yet arrived. The Lyrics for Marching On Versailles by AD Infinitum have been translated into 6 languages This was your final chance A chance you didn't take Like the lightning, we … [44][45], Although the fighting ceased and the two commands of troops had cleared the palace, the mob was still everywhere outside. , one loaf of bread cost more than 15,000 paintings, statutes and knickknacks than politics now the march Versailles! By famine ; they and their children were hungry is made possible from the Congress! Were driven by famine ; they and their children were hungry returned Paris. People of Paris public rights, or horns blaring out its message within the capital,,. Circulation of grain, etc the third day of the power of the economic crisis in France was... Atres, Boulevards, streets ; and the Great Fear, revolutionary fervor among! 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