comfrey leaf vs root

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The younger leaves and roots contain higher amounts of the dangerous pyrrolizidine alkaloids, which can be absorbed through skin. The leaves and roots of comfrey both contain compounds that reduce inflammation. Previously, she served as a communication specialist in the nonprofit field. The roots of leaves of the comfrey plant contain chemical substances called allantoin and rosmarinic acid. To inform the public that comfrey leaves contain pa's that are both carcinogens and liver toxins does not make us scaremongers, either. It is native to much of Europe, and various regions in Asia such as the Caucasus, Kazakhstan, Siberia, and Turkey, and is commonly found as a weed in temperate northern latitudes. Comfrey is useful in healing sprains, bruises and promotes healing of bones. Comfrey. Therefore, applying a poultice made of comfrey root powder and leaf juice, or drinking tea made of comfrey root powder can greatly help in curing nosebleeds, bleeding in skin wounds, and in reducing and speeding the healing of bruises. This is why you should avoid using comfrey root at all, since it has ten times more pyrrolizidine alkaloids than the leaves. Apply this thickly and liberally to the desired area. Comfrey: A Clinical Overview. The shrub-like comfrey herb grows up to 5 feet tall, with broad leaves and dozens of small blue, white or purple flowers adorning each plant. Folk recipes mention using comfrey root tea to cure stomach upset and eating comfrey leaves fresh or cooked as a general tonic. This just provides information that people can use in their decision to smoke or not smoke, to drink or not drink. Your comments however simply constitute part of the problem of scaremongering, not part of the solution. For over 2,000 years, comfrey root and other parts of the herb have been used to treat a variety of ailments. Some varieties produce yellow or purplish flowers alongside the broad, fuzzy leaves. Comfrey leaves have many medicinal properties; they are rough textured and covered in … Phytoptherapy Research. Additionally, both contain the substance allantoin, which is associated with cell regeneration. This root is black on the outside, while its juicy interior is white, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center (UMMC). Tobacco and alcohol consumption is perpetuated by international corporations with huge fiscal benefits to the governments involved etc etc The extent of the toxicity/carcinogenicity of tobacco/alcohol would otherwise have lead to withdrawl from public availability long ago. Comfrey is available under the following different brand names: Black Root, Blackwort, Bruisewort, Common Comfrey, Gum Plant, Healing herb, Knitbone, Prickley Comfrey, Salsify, Slippery Root, Symphytum officinale, and Wallwort. It grows best when well-watered, however. Comfrey ROOT has been implicated in the pyrrolizidine alkaloid link with occlusive liver disease. The herb comfray has a multitude of uses, especially medicinal, and can make a great addition to any garden. The root has much more of the toxic chemicals than the leaf; Comfrey leaves contain about 0.06% alkaloids, and roots about 0.2 to 0.4%” . However, health officials now strongly discourage any internal use of comfrey. Externally, roots is used to gargle or mouthwash for gum diseases, strep throat and pharyngitis. Because comfrey plants grow so rapidly, feel free to harvest the leaves several times a season. Integrative Medicine. It is often grown in medicinal gardens or for use as a natural fertilizer. European Medicines Agency. Comfrey (Symphytum officinale. Comfrey, Symphytum uplandica x Herbal Adventures with Susun S Weed by Susun S. Weed read other Herbal Adventures part 1, part 2, part 3, part 4 . As it happens, noone jumped onto the comfrey bandwagon, perhaps because of my advance warning, or perhaps I needn't have bothered. Comfrey contains a special substance called allantoin, which is a cell proliferative. Comfrey Leaf Also Known As -Symphytum officinale, Bruisewort, Knitback, Knitbone, Boneset, Slippery Root, Bruisewort, Ass Ear, and Blackwort. Dosages of Comfrey: Historically daily doses of leaf ranged from 5 … The drugs were not considered as possibilities. Christiane Staiger is an industrial pharmacist at Merck Consumer Health Care in Germany and a member of the British Society for the History of Pharmacy. You can plant it once and have this very valuable plant forever. 9. Only 16 left in stock - order soon. Comfrey tea is prepared by steeping the dried leaves of the comfrey plant, which bears the scientific name Symphytum officinale. In other words, it makes cells grow faster. ---Parts Used Medicinally---The root and leaves, generally collected from wild plants. Common comfrey is found escaped from cultivation in all New England states. While both comfrey leaf and root are well known for their mucilage content and associated demulcent action, the root is more demulcent than the leaf. Comfrey flowers are downward facing bells like borage flowers and range in color from lavender to cream. The leaves are effective both topically and as an infusion and … Comfrey is especially useful in the external treatment of cuts, bruises, sprains, sores, eczema, varicose veins, broken bones etc, internally it is used in the treatment of a wide range of pulmonary complaints, internal bleeding etc. Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.. whose agenda is to rubbish the use of herbal medicine one way or another. It is especially known for its ability to knit bones together. Oberlies NH, Kim NC, Brine DR, et al. Comfrey tea is a traditional herbal medicine used by people when they have taken a bad fall. Grow comfrey for a season and then pull it up to turn the soil. Comfrey leaves are sometimes found as an adulteration to Foxglove leaves, which they somewhat resemble, but may be distinguished by the smaller veins not extending into the wings of the leaf-stalk, and by having on their surface isolated stiff hairs. Even though this plant contains poisonous chemicals called pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs), some people use the leaf, root, and root-like stem (rhizome) to make medicine. Public Health Nutr. https://naturalmedicines.therapeuticresearch.com/databases/food,-herbs-supplements/professional.aspx?productid=295, Staiger, Christiane. Comfrey is best used for treating broken bones, damaged ligaments, and tendons, and healing small wounds. Cut or fold a clean soft cloth large enough to cover the bruise or the wound with a couple of extra inches around the edges. Comfrey is a perennial plant which divides easily. Comfrey is a perennial plant that propagates easily from root divisions. How to Make a Salve or Poultice With Comfrey. Penn State Hershey. This herb has been utilized in folk medicine throughout Europe and North America and has been widely cultivated. Even long term use of very small doses can be harmful, as the damage is cumulative and the damage is irreversible. A sterile cultivar is frequently planted in gardens, somewhat reducing the probability of escape, although it easily spreads from root fragments. A layer of wilted comfrey can be … Comfrey is used in protective magic for the traveler and to protect against theft. Common comfrey is found escaped from cultivation in all New England states. When boiled down, comfrey forms a glue-like substance which is why it was so effective at stopping bleeding, it literally glues wounds together. Committee on Herbal Medicinal Products (HMPC). The particulars of his case are blurred. Recipe 2: four tablespoons of nicely chopped comfrey root are mixed with some boiling milk in a small bowl.Then, put the bowl on medium heat, and let it simmer until you get nice mixture. Plant comfrey in areas that have poor soil, the plant has amazing roots that go down 8 feet or more. The root and the leaves are used, the root being more active, and they can be taken internally or used externally as a poultice. $29.97 $ 29. As a permaculturist, I strive for diversity in my gardens and out of the hundred or so species that we are currently growing, comfrey is far and away the most useful plant of them all. Common comfrey (Symphytum officianale) and Russian Comfrey (S. uplandicum) are fast-growing leafy plants that are considered invasive in some areas.They spread rapidly, and are incredibly difficult to control because new plants can sprout from even tiny sections of root left in the soil. Add just enough water to turn it into a thick, wet paste, not too runny and not too dry. So, it is with that background that i ask for your input on a critical permaculture issue: embracing comfrey. The compounds in comfrey’s leaves and roots--pyrrolizidine alkaloids--are toxic and may damage the liver, cautions UMMC. Taken internally as decoction (boiled root tea), comfrey is described as effective against tuberculosis, internal tumors and ulcers, and promotes the healing of bone fractures. Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center. A soothing salve or poultice made from the leaves of the comfrey plant may promote the healing of closed wounds and bruises or soothe breast pain in nursing mothers, reports the Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine 2 3. 2004;7(7):919-24. Many herbalists still prefer the roots to the leaves because the roots contribute more skin-soothing mucilage. Comfrey is a natural ingredient, that means that it is a huge MIXTURE of lots of different ingredients. Taken internally as decoction (boiled root tea), comfrey is described as effective against tuberculosis, internal tumors and ulcers, and promotes the healing of bone fractures. At one time people suffering from stomach ache drank comfrey root tea, while visionaries hailed comfrey leaves as a promising alternative to spinach. Subject: Re: Comfrey leaves? Both the roots and leaves of comfrey help in organic gardening. Below the ground long, thin taproots extend as far down as 10 feet. A sterile cultivar is frequently planted in gardens, somewhat reducing the probability of escape, although it easily spreads from root fragments. Use comfrey root in sachets for protection while traveling, and to keep your lover faithful while you are gone. Comfrey leaves can be crushed, juiced, and applied as a wet paste directly on open wounds and diabetic sores. I can appreciate the importance of a compostable bioaccumulator with deep roots able to extract or recover deep minerals. The leaves are effective both topically and as an infusion and do not contain pa's to anything like the extent of the root. This healing herb may be the ideal remedy to mend and soothe your aches and pains. Comfrey is so rich that it can be used as if it was manure to activate a slow compost heap. From: jtreasure.jonno.demon.co.uk (Jonathan Treasure) Distribution and Habitat: Comfrey is a plant indigenous to Europe and temperate parts of Asia. The common comfrey plant is known in Latin as Symphytum officinale and displays a “hairy” exterior. She received her Bachelor of Arts from the University of Connecticut. The long roots pull deeply-buried soil minerals from the subsoil to the top, making it available to other plants, according to Hemenway. You can follow some tips from Healthtap doctors for breast feeding. Generally speaking, the root has higher levels of these molecules than the leaves. >I have a healthy crop of comfrey, courtesy of a friend, growing in my garden. https://www.mskcc.org/cancer-care/integrative-medicine/herbs/comfrey, Comfrey. Warning the public that tobacco can cause cancer or that alcohol is a potential liver toxin does not make us scaremongers. Comfrey grows best from bare-root crowns, which many online retailers carry. Comfrey leaves and roots are rich in tannins, a kind of compound that has an astringent effect on blood vessels. Crowns do best if you pot them first instead of planting directly in the garden. However, one study compared the healing abilities of a water extract of comfrey root vs. pure allantoin and concluded that, “the biological activity of the comfrey root extract cannot be attributed only to allantoin, but is also likely the result of the interaction of different compounds present in AECR [aqueous extract of the comfrey (Symphytum officinale L.) root].” 16 Infected Wounds. A mushy crown may have rotted and should be returned. It has been suggested that its use can be dated back to 400 B.C. Comfrey is a perennial plant that propagates easily from root divisions. Comfrey side effects. Comfrey has large, rough, hairy, and lance-shaped leaves with whitish, pink, or purple flower spikes which have a slight heliotrope like curl typical of this family. Much debate surrounds the safety of comfrey due to various parts … Comfrey is a shrub that grows in parts of Europe, Asia, and North America. Comfrey is a plant. If one promptly died from drinking comfrey leaf tea, there would be less controversy concerning its use. If you’re making your own comfrey salve, UMMC strongly recommends using only older leaves. Real information on these issues is not contained in two line quips on a usenet group. Finally, “Gaia’s Garden” author Toby Hemenway notes that comfrey’s long tap roots also come to the aid of the organic gardener by loosening clay soil 2. An added bonus you will get from planting comfrey under your tree, is that you’ll creating a “micro-climate”. By default both of these usually become scaremongering contributors. This video covers the basics of propagating Comfrey from roots and root cuttings. Ellen Douglas has written on food, gardening, education and the arts since 1992. You can use the leaf and the root, fresh or dried. Michigan Medicine. Spread the thick mixture approximately ¼ inch thick on the cloth and leave about 1 inch of cloth around the border. I would recommend the leaves if you’re going to make a tea. From: jtreasure.jonno.demon.co.uk (Jonathan Treasure), >If one promptly died from drinking comfrey leaf tea, there would be less. February 2012. https://doi.org/10.1002/ptr.4612. It has had various uses, not only as a medicinal herb but also as food and drink. Comfrey has been used for over 2,000 years in Chinese medicine to heal wounds and bones. The root contains 10-1000 times more Pyrrolizidine alkaloids than the leaves. In the compost pile, comfrey leaves help speed the decomposition of tree leaves, grass clippings and other organic materials. The comfrey root paste stiffens while it’s drying and makes a firm cast capable of setting a limb. They will not only break up the compacted soil but also give the soil a need boost of N-P-K. Read this article in Permaculture News for an amazing study about the benefits of applying comfrey plant to the soil in troubled areas of your property. Comfrey Root Alcohol-Free Liquid Extract, Organic Comfrey (Symphytum Officinale) Dried Root Tincture Supplement (4 FL OZ) 4.5 out of 5 stars 12. Milton Hershey Medical Center. WHICH plant, I don't know. Information about Comfrey leaf constituents presented as an equivalent to alcohol/tobacco masquerading under the freedom of informed choice ( as used by all trendy ultra conservatives) amounts to guilt by association - a standard tactic of what I call scaremongering. In Stock: Leaf, Root. Comfrey is even believed to help decrease inflammation of tendon sheaths (Tilgner, 2018), supporting its use for joint sprains. This is a chemical that has been scientifically proven to be toxic to the liver in high enough amounts. Wholesale/Bulk & Retail - Worldwide Shipping! Comfrey is almost TOO good at what it does best… and there is another pretty big catch you should be aware of… WHY YOU SHOULD AVOID COMFREY. You use the term US I notice? Roots are used as an … It transpires that many of these people believe they are correctly informing fellow readers, whilst a minority are reductionist pharmacists of one sort or another , explicitly opposed to phytotherapy as unscientific etc etc. Recommended Products. The roots can be boiled down and then spread onto muslin which is wrapped around the broken limb. It can grow up to 5 feet tall. The internal use of roots is helpful for gastrointestinal ulcers and gastritis. The common comfrey plant is known in Latin as Symphytum officinale and displays a “hairy” exterior. Comfrey leaf and root contain pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PLAs), a group of toxic compounds that can cause damage to the liver. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has banned the use of comfrey in herbal supplements since 2001. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. However, health officials now strongly discourage any internal use of comfrey. Its use as a medicinal herb is controversial as it is known to contain toxic alkaloids. Comfrey Leaf has been known for centuries as a healing plant. Douglas has worked as a staff reporter for the Lakeville Journal newspaper group. But roots may also hold as much as 16 times the level of the alkaloids, warns UMMC. Herbal salves keep 1-2 years in a cool dark place. All parts of the plant can be used including the root, leaves, stems and flowers. http://pennstatehershey.adam.com/content.aspx?productId=107&pid=33&gid=000234, Comfrey. Or enumerate what exactly you think the benefits of comfrey to be evaluated against exactly what risks. Its various aliases include boneset, nipbone, knitbone, and healing herb. Cuts of comfrey fresh or wilted can be laid onto the compost heap, layered with the weeds or grass cuttings. Drink plenty of fluid and rest. Natural Medicines Database. It is the tannin that is solely responsible for making comfrey herb so effective in controlling bleeding. Take 3-4 tablespoons of comfrey root powder (root powder works much better than comfrey leaves as there are more alkaloids inside the root) Put comfrey root powder into a small bowl. Due to the presence of pyrrolizidine alkaloids, comfrey leaf is limited to topical uses today but should not be applied to open wounds. It is important to know what part of the plant is usable medicinally and for comfrey, it is the leaves and the root. While old-timers still use the roots in external applications, modern complementary and herbal medicine practitioners recommend using the leaves only. Add just enough water to turn it into a thick, wet paste, not too runny and not too dry. It can be found in ointments, decoctions, poultices … Herbalist Lesley Bremness suggests soaking comfrey leaves in water to use as compost “tea,” which adds needed potassium to mineral-poor soil, as well as potato and tomato plants. The root has much more of the toxic chemicals than the leaf; Comfrey leaves contain about 0.06% alkaloids, and roots about 0.2 to 0.4%” . > (BTW - Ignore any posts that follow from the resident afh scaremongers. Comfrey is the common name for a perennial called S ymphytum officinale which grows quickly in zones 4-9, produces lots of large leaves and has pink or white flowers which are not overly ornamental. The leaves of this plant have been in use for thousands of years, both in Chinese traditional medicine and dating as far back as the ancient Greeks. I like to also add one teaspoon of DMSO. Wrap it with cloth or a bandage to hold it in place. The plants are very large, easily reaching 5 feet in height and up to 4 feet in width with leaves 12 to 18 inches in length. Both the roots and leaves of comfrey help in organic gardening. Doctors give trusted answers on uses, effects, side-effects, and cautions: Dr. Werner on comfrey root vs comfrey leaves: Just a common sense: Stay away from strange substance while breast feeding. Comfrey leaf has a long history of use to promote the healing of bones and wounds, ... Comfrey root is used to relieve pain from blunt injuries, promote healing of broken bones, sprains and bruises, reduce swelling and edema, and encourage the rapid and healthy regrowth of skin and tissue cells. In humans, use of comfrey for as little as 5 days (in children) or 19 days (in adults) has resulted in severe liver damage and death. This is the biggest difference between natural vs… Some studies show the leaf to be almost alkaloid free -- thus safe. It has a tap root similar to dandelions. Both have medicinal properties but the root is believed to be better because it has a higher concentration of potassium, nitrogen, phosphorus and silicon. Comfrey is associated with Saturn and water and is sacred to Hecate. The long roots pull deeply-buried soil minerals from the subsoil to the top, making it available to other plants, according to Hemenway. Comfrey has a long tap root, making it drought resistant. The shrub-like comfrey herb grows up to 5 feet tall, with broad leaves and dozens of small blue, white or purple flowers adorning each plant. Comfrey poultices should be left in place for several hours (overnight is ideal). Henriette's herbal is one of the oldest and largest herbal medicine sites on the net. Its use as a medicinal herb is controversial as it is known to contain toxic alkaloids. Comfrey Botanical Profile. It grows as a root stick with branches coming from the stalk and only gets to about 2–3 feet tall. Whether astride a horse in Provence, climbing a volcano in Costa Rica, taking a jet plane to New Zealand, or just spending a quiet day in my gardens, I am never without my herbal first-aid kit. Natural Medicines Database. When you receive your crown, check to make sure that it feels firm. Comfrey’s long tap root helps it to be a pretty drought-tolerant herb, allowing it to keep large leaves all season long. Well Dan, the point is what is your agenda? There are also disagreements about the efficacy & safety of leaves vs. root. While both comfrey leaf and root are well known for their mucilage content and associated demulcent action, the root is more demulcent than the leaf. Generally speaking eat a healthy diet. It's been online since 1995, and is run by Henriette Kress, a herbalist in Helsinki, Finland. All cases involve comfrey; in at least three, there are suggestions of overdose or abuse of the plant. You not only CAN use the leaves, but SHOULD do so. If it is hard to understand how one simple, easy to grow and easy to apply plant can be so widely useful in healing, remember that penicillin’s supporters have made some pretty broad claims for the mold on oranges. Therapeutic Research Center. It is often grown in medicinal gardens or for use as a natural fertilizer. Some studies show the leaf to be almost alkaloid free -- thus safe. Some varieties produce yellow or purplish flowers alongside the broad, fuzzy leaves. When we moved to the new Raven's Roots campus in November of 2015, I brought one particular plant along with me in large quantities, and it was comfrey. The leaves of comfrey can get enormous and can easily be chopped and dropped around either itself or other plants growing nearby, covering a lot of bare soil. Newsgroups: alt.folklore.herbs (BTW - Ignore any posts that follow from the resident afh scaremongers that suggest you will promptly die if you drink a cup of comfrey leaf tea - it is extremely hard to ingest sufficient quantities of pa's from the herb to even remotely approach harmful levels). Use comfrey leaves for mulch; their broad leaves cover a wide area. Dosages of Comfrey: Historically daily doses of leaf ranged from 5 … Although not all side effects are known, comfrey is thought to be possibly safe when applied to unbroken skin for less than 10 days. You can make a comfrey poultice with the leaf or the root. It can be found in ointments, decoctions, poultices … Try placing a comfrey leaf in your luggage to make sure it isn’t lost or stolen. Use comfrey leaves for mulch; their broad leaves cover a wide area. Because comfrey plants grow so rapidly, feel free to harvest the leaves several times a season. 10. Common Names: Blackwort, bruisewort, common comfrey, knitbone, slippery root, boneset, yalluc, gum plant, ass ear. The leafy stem of comfrey is 2 to 3 feet high, stout, and covered with bristly hairs. It happens, there are plenty of people who post advice to this newsgroup about safety and toxicity of herbal medicines who know nothing about the subject other than reading a secondary source on the matter, or worse repeating hearsay. I hope to avoid being burned as a heretic. Comfrey plants can be somewhat invasive; keep them away from easily-overwhelmed flowers and herbs. Comfrey. I like to also add one teaspoon of DMSO. Comfrey. Not only does it look beautiful and therefore can be grown just for ornamental purposes, but it's also easy to grow, so keep reading to learn how to grow comfrey & care for it! About Herbs & Other Products. Fortunately, these alkaloids are not easily absorbed by the skin [7] . Healing Bruises And Bleeding. Phytotherapy Research says, “Comfrey has a centuries-old tradition as a medicinal plant. A strong decoction has been used on the Continent for tanning leather, and in Angora a sort of glue is got from the common Comfrey, which is used for spinning the famous fleeces of that country. Date: 27 May 1995 23:04:09 +0100. Folk recipes mention using comfrey root tea to cure stomach upset and eating comfrey leaves fresh or cooked as a general tonic. Learn More. The best part about it is that comfrey can be chopped and dropped numerous times throughout the …

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